Hanyoyin Sanin Ciki da Wajen Computer

Kadan daga cikin abubuwan da ake samu a bayan na’ura mai Kwakwalwa, takaitaccen bayanin abubuwan da suke a bayan computer, da amfanin su da kuma yadda ake jona su.

  1. Wuri ne da aka saka wayar da zata aika da wutar lantarki daga jikin bango zuwa matatar wuta (Power Supply Unit)
  2. Ana amfani da wannan wuri domin sarrafa yanayin karfin wutar da ake son ta shigo cikin power supply, sau tari zaka samu an daidaita tsarin karfin wutar 230v amma idan kana irin kasar da wutar su bata kai haka ba zaka canza shi zuwa 110v.
  3. (Mai Sarrafa Wuta) wuri ne da ake sawa na’ura mai kwakwalwa wutar lantarki, shine abinda yake baiwa dukkanin abubuwan dake cikin uwar allo wuta (Motherboard), shike iya tace wutar da za’a baiwa dukkanin sauran kayan karafan dake bukatar wutar zuwa wutar da bazata lalatasu be, Kamar, CD/DVD Rom, Floppy Disk, Hard Disk da dai makamantansu. Kuma shi Power Supply yana da hakora uku wanda ake kira da three-pin connector. Haka wani lokaci a jikin shi Power Supply akan samu abinda ake kunnawa da kashewa (on/off), wanda yake taimakawa wajen kunnawa da kashe na’urar.
  4. Wadannan wurere ne da ake jona keyboard da mouse, babu wani abu da ake jonawa ta wurin sai su, kuma suma a na’urori na zamani an musanyasu da USB.
  5. ga al’ada ana amfani da shi wajan jona Printer, do yake shi parallel port bashi da saurin tafiya, ma’ana idan aka jona printer ta parallel port to sai an kashe na’urar an kunnata sannan ta fahimci cewar an samata printer, amma yanzu an musanya shi da usb port domin saurin hadawa da na’ura
  6. wannan shine ake hada monitor da CPU domin ganin abinda yake faruwa a cikin na’urar. Ana iya samun wurin a zaka jona TV wanda ake kira da S-Video.
  7. ETHERNET PORT:- kuma ana kiranshi da Network port, wannan wuri zai baka dama da hada na’urarka da sauran naurori ta hanyar internet ko network ko ya baka dammar hada naurarka da broadband modem ko router.
  8. kayi amfani da kananan ramuka nan wajen jona speakers da kuma microphone. Amma idan kai ma’abocin son amo ne (sound) ko kana amfani da kayan amo manya, tun daga manyan speakers, kayan kide-kide (instrumental), to kana bukatar karin sound card a naurar ka, domin Audio connectors basu da karfin da zasu dauki irin wadannan kayan amo.
  9. A wannan zamani mafiya yawan kayan na’ura mai kwakwalwa ana hadasu da na’urar ta USB wanda cikakken ma’anarshi tana nufin (Universal Serial Bus). Ana jona mafiya yawan kayan na’ura ta wannan wuri, kuma masana sunce a jikin USB guda daya, za’a iya jona kayan computer sama da 75, kamar su Printer da kamar su Scanner. Na’urorin computer na zamani suna da USB 2.0 wadanda suna da karfi wajen tafiyar da kowane irin kayan na’ura da sauri.
  10. Wannan shima wata mahadace mai tsananin sauri, firewire yana taimakawa wajen cire abida ke cikin wadansu na’urori wadanda ba computer bane, kamar kamara ta majigi, ko kamara ta daukar hoto mara fim, da kuma abin sauraron sauti na Mp3 (player). Idan na’urarka bata da firewire a jikinta zaka iya sayan devices masu USB ajikin su, amma dole ya zama saurin USP dake jikin devices ya zama saurin shi ya kai karfin tafiya ko saurin 2.0.
  11. Wannan itama mahadace ta na’ura wanda mutum kan iya jona wayan tangaraho ajikin na’ura. Idan mutum yana san samun mahada ta internet da abinda ake cewa dial-up internet wanda yake amfani ta wayar tangaraho, to ta wannan ramin ake hadawa.

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